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Low Arousal Timeline

1987 – Andrew McDonnell runs the first pilot training course (2 days duration) in Birmingham UK for the Low Arousal approach

1988-1992 – A series of pilot training courses are run throughout the UK in childcare, adults with disabilities, autism services

1990 – First series of practitioner articles published by the British Institute of Disabilities.

1992 – Studio 3 is formed as a company

1994 – First article appears which specifically uses the term ‘Low Arousal’

1998 – First published case study of the Low Arousal approach

2002 – The Low Arousal approach formulated from a cognitive behavioural perspective

2004 – Bo Heilskov-Elvén translates some of Professor McDonnell’s work into Danish and then Swedish. 

– Studio 3 training in crisis management is now used in services widely across the UK and the Republic of Ireland

2006 – First full programme on the Studio 3 Low Arousal Approach takes place in Denmark

2010 – Andrew McDonnell’s book 'Managing Aggressive Behaviour in Care Settings: Understanding and Applying Low Arousal Approaches' focuses on the Low Arousal approach with an enhanced emphasis on reflective practice in crisis management and trauma-informed behaviour management

– Bo Heilskov-Elvén publishes (in English) ‘No Fighting, No Biting, No Screaming’. This book focuses strongly on the concept of emotional contagion.

– Linda Woodcock and Andrea Page publish a practitioner book called ‘Managing Family Meltdown’. This strongly focuses on supporting parents using the Low Arousal approach.


Low Arousal logo
'Managing Aggressive Behaviour in Care Settings' by Andrew McDonnell
'No Fighting, No Biting, No Screaming' by Bo Heijlskov Elven
managing family meltdown.jpg
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